ERIC Number: ED064855
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: 0
Television and Social Learning: Some Relationships Between Viewing Violence and Behaving Aggressively (Overview).
Liebert, Robert M.
Observational learning requires exposure to modeling cues, acquisition of the ability to reproduce what is seen or heard, and acceptance of the model's behavior as a guide for one's own actions, as imitation, counter-imitation, disinhibition, or inhibition. In this overview paper, the author considers a large body of research, especially that commissioned by the Television and Social Behavior program of the National Institute of Mental Health, and concludes that children are exposed to a great variety of aggressive models and do acquire and are able to reproduce aggressive behavior. Evidence on children's acceptance of aggressive behaviors is described as complex, subtle, and dependent on such factors as rewards to the model, whether the model is seen as fantasy or reality, the observer's home life, and the situations in which he finds himself. However, the author feels that the accumulated weight of the evidence from so many studies justifies the conclusion that at least under some circumstances, exposure to televised aggression can lead children to accept what they have seen as a partial guide for their own actions. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook. Dept. of Education.
Identifiers: Surgeon Generals Report on Television Violence