ERIC Number: ED064650
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Nov
Reference Count: 0
The Relationship of Arousal During Learning to Short- and Long-Term Retention Employing Two Indices of Arousal.
Lovejoy, Marcia A.; Farley, Frank H.
This experiment tested the hypothesis that paired-associate learning accompanied by high arousal should lead to stronger permanent memory and weaker immediate memory than paired-associate learning accompanied by low arousal. During continuous recording of skin resistance and heart rate as measures of arousal, 32 Ss were given a one-trial, eight-item paired-associate task consisting of 0% association value nonsense syllables as stimulus terms and the digits 2 to 9 as response terms. The Ss were tested for recall following either a 2.87-min. or 24-hr. interval. The skin resistance was used as a measure of arousal, the results confirmed the hypothesis. Arousal level as defined by heart rate, however, showed no significant effects on retention. The manipulation of arousal was undertaken through the use of 75 db. white noise as has been done in previous experiments. The present research failed to show any significant effects of white noise during learning on either recall or physiological measures. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.