ERIC Number: ED064446
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Oct-12
Reference Count: 0
Motion for Leave to File Brief Amicus Curiae on the Merit and Brief Amicus Curiae for the Congress of Racial Equality. In the Supreme Court of the United States, October Term, 1970, Number 281, James E. Swann, et al., Petitioners vs. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., Respondents...
Supreme Court of the U. S., Washington, DC.
This document is the text of the brief for the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) in the U.S. Supreme Court case of Swann vs. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, October 1970. The statement of the motion to file brief is followed by the brief and argument comprising (1) the present state of the law; (2) the "root and branch" of the public school system--an analysis of the dual school system, some considerations for establishing a unitary system, and a plan to disestablish segregation in the Mobile (Alabama) schools and establish two non-discriminatory, non-racially exclusive unitary school districts; and, (3) racial dispersal should not be held to be a constitutional requirement per se--arguments made in support of a constitutional requirement of racial dispersal in the schools are fallacious, any argument that integration is a constitutional requirement suggests the legitimation of the inferior status of blacks, the results of attempts to enforce racial dispersal by law in the schools are often counter-productive, and establishing constitutional requirement of racial dispersal in the public schools would foreclose other developments in the evolution of public school education which might prove desirable from an educational point of view as well as for other reasons. Appended are two exhibits, A and B, which comprise a plan for the desegregation of Mobile County schools. (RJ)
Descriptors: Boards of Education, Bus Transportation, Community Schools, Court Litigation, De Facto Segregation, Public Schools, Racial Balance, Racial Discrimination, School Desegregation, School Districts, School Segregation, School Zoning, Socioeconomic Status, Status Need, Supreme Court Litigation
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Supreme Court of the U. S., Washington, DC.
Identifiers: Alabama; Alabama (Mobile); Congress of Racial Equality; Swann v Charlotte Mecklenberg Board of Education