ERIC Number: ED063685
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: 0
Differences in School Achievement and Occupational Opportunities: Explanatory Factors. A Survey Based on European Experience. Conference on Policies for Educational Growth (Paris, France, June 3-5, 1970).
This paper makes the observation that in selected European countries social class differences in academic achievement emerge early in a person's school career. This early influence of social class affects dropout and enrollment rates in higher education and subsequent occupational opportunities. The author examines the relative influence of genetic, social, and school factors on school achievement. The author's investigation reveals that genetic factors account for the greatest amount of variation in achievement, social background explains the next greatest amount, and that school variables explain a relatively small amount of the variation in academic achievement. The major conclusion is that education, rather than erasing genetic and class differences, reinforces them, thereby reinforcing differences in occupational opportunities. Related documents are ED 057 470, EA 004 322, and EA 004 323. (RA)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).