ERIC Number: ED063212
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: 0
Education in the People's Republic of China (Mainland) from 1949 to 1969. Occasional Paper 7.
Hu, Shi Ming
The Occasional Paper is intended as a resource document and is designed to provide teachers of Asian studies with an authoritative study of education in the People's Republic of China from 1949 to 1969 where educational effort focuses upon the needs of society rather than the individual. The first twenty years of the history of the People's Republic of China is categorized in terms of six distinct periods of educational reforms. Each of these six periods is analyzed by Dr. S. M. Hu according to its political emphases, educational policy and curriculum trends. The first period of 1949 to 1952 was a consolidation of the regime built, the second period of 1953 to 1957 concentrated on the Five-Year Plan with strong Soviet influence, the third period of 1958 to 1959 impressed the world with the movement of communes and the "Great Leap Forward," the fourth period of 1960 to 1963 proceeded cautiously with a "retrenchment" program, the fifth period of 1964 to 1965 marked by a sharp two-line Party struggle, and the sixth period of 1966 to 1969 alarmed the world with the "Great Cultural Revolution" which means to prepare a new breed of generation. (Author)
Descriptors: Asian History, Communism, Comparative Education, Educational Change, Educational Development, Educational History, Educational Methods, Educational Philosophy, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Foundations of Education, Higher Education, History, Non Western Civilization, Resource Materials, Secondary Education, Socioeconomic Influences
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook. American Historical Association Education Project.