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ERIC Number: ED062090
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Apr
Pages: 3
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Comprehension of Telegraphic Prose.
Martin, Clessen J.; Herndon, Mary Anne
The effects of telegraphic prose upon the comprehension of written and auditorily presented messages were tested. Two separate experiments were conducted. Subjects for the first experiment were 60 undergraduates enrolled in a remedial reading program; subjects for experiment 2 were 100 undergraduates enrolled in an introductory educational psychology course. In both experiments subjects were randomly assigned to four treatment groups: visual-traditional, visual-telegraphic, auditory-traditional, and auditory-telegraphic. The groups read or listened to a fictional story in either the traditional prose or the telegraphic form and then answered 20 questions on the passage. Four dependent variables were analyzed: total number correct on the test, reading rate, reading time, and S-scores (number of nested items correct minus the number of disjunctive items correct). It was found in both experiments that the amount of time spent reading the telegraphic versions was less than one-half the time spent reading the traditional passage; but there was approximately 12 percent less comprehension demonstrated by the telegraphic groups versus the traditional groups. No interaction was found between the visual-auditory variable and the traditional-telegraphic variable. (AW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, Ill., Apr. 1972