ERIC Number: ED062015
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Preschool Education and Day Care for Swedish Children.
A comprehensive study of the types of care provided for Swedish children is presented. The point is made that the three major frameworks which support the Swedish philosophy of early childhood education are those of Arnold Gesell, Jean Piaget, and Erik H. Erikson. From all three sources, preschool teachers learn the concept of epigenesis, the proper rate and proper sequence for normal development. To the extent that it is possible, all day care centers have a mix of racial and ethnic groups, and they try to maintain an even ratio of boys to girls. There are various types of day care centers in Sweden. One of these is the Minnie, which accommodates children in the one-to-seven year group. Children are placed by the Social Bureau according to when parents apply to the Day Care Unit, that is, in the order in which names appear on the waiting list. Priority, however, is given to working mothers, disabled mothers, students, and single parent families. Children come from all parts of the city. The Minnies are not supposed to give just custodial care but to have the same pedagogical standard and content as the nursery schools which are open to children from 4-7 for three hours on weekdays. Swedish nursery schools are viewed as a supplement to the often small Swedish nuclear family and day nurseries, and free time centers are seen as a substitute for care in the home. (Author/CK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Child Development (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Swedish Information Service.
Identifiers: Erikson (Erik); Gesell (Arnold); Piaget (Jean); Sweden