ERIC Number: ED061633
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Causes and Effects of School Board Recruitment Patterns. Final Report. Revised.
Crain, Robert L.; And Others
This project is a study of school board selection processes in 93 northern cities using the NORC "Permanent Community Sample." This report is concerned with the effects of the appointment of school board members as opposed to electing them either in competitive or noncompetitive elections. In general, researchers found that appointed school boards are heavily represented in northeastern United States, tend to have a more black representation, are more likely to be nonpolitical members of the local elite, are more concerned with school policy and more active in the schools, tend to have more conflict with their superintendents, and are less active in lobbying with other political officials for school support. In addition, appointed school boards are more likely to be desegregated in large cities with large black populations, elected school boards more likely to be desegregated in small cities with small black populations, and appointed school board members seem more realistic in their perception of the difficulty of improving schools and the necessity for learning to live with conflict about school affairs. Also included is a discussion of why elected school boards are more likely to desegregate in small cities and appointed school boards are more likely to desegregate in large cities. (Author)
Descriptors: Administrators, Black Community, Black Leadership, Board Administrator Relationship, Board Candidates, Board of Education Policy, Board of Education Role, Boards of Education, Conflict Resolution, Educational Research, Elections, Political Influences, Politics, Recruitment, School Desegregation, Superintendents
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Dept. of Social Relations.
Identifiers: Appointive Positions; Elected Positions