ERIC Number: ED061205
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Jun-30
Reference Count: 0
A Study of Appalachian Speech in a Northern Urban Setting. Final Report.
Davis, Lawrence M.
This study presents an analysis of the speech of twenty-five informants, who were born in eastern Kentucky or southern West Virginia. Six of them were interviewed in Kentucky, where they still live; the others now live in Chicago, in an area known as Uptown. The phonological data is described in terms similar to the Chomsky-Halle feature analysis of English, but not strictly so. The rules describing dialectal variation--diafeature rules--are of a different character from those proposed by most generative linguists but the rules do involve feature specifications and underlying forms, rather than a strictly phonemic approach. The major conclusions are three in number: (1) There were no significant linguistic differences between informants still living in Kentucky, those who have lived all their lives in Uptown, and those who have moved to Uptown fairly recently. This conclusion must be regarded as tentative, however. (2) The diafeature approach to structural dialectology is practicable. (3) There are few grammatical features which are at all nonstandard in the informants' speech, and all these features occur with an average frequency of thirty percent. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Inst. of Tech., Chicago. Center for American English.
Identifiers: Appalachia; Illinois (Chicago); Kentucky; West Virginia