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ERIC Number: ED061198
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Pages: 301
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Intelligence, Creativity, and Language: An Examination of the Interrelationships of Three Variables among Preschool, Disadvantaged Negro Children.
Lichtman, Marilyn Vickman
The interrelationships among the three variables of intelligence, creativity, and language in a preschool, disadvantaged Negro sample were investigated. The two main hypotheses tested were: (1) The interrelationships among the three variables are lower than the interrelationships within each variable; and (2) A factor analysis indicates a factor structure suggesting that the variables measured different aspects of human behavior. A random sample of 104 four-year-old Negro children was selected from prekindergarten classes located in Washington, D. C., and situated in Title I areas or serviced by Title I funds. Each child was administered six measurement instruments individually in two sessions by a trained examiner. Data were tabulated and analyzed employing a number of statistical procedures. Results confirmed both major hypotheses regarding the relationship of the variables and the character of the factor structure. Implications for further study were the following: (1) additional research replicating the study with other groups, especially disadvantaged whites and middle class Negroes, (2) additional research involving the nature and measurement of creativity among a disadvantaged preschool group, (3) additional research related to the type of format of a particular instrument in the measurement of behavior among disadvantaged children, (4) additional research related to the interactions of age and sex on selected variables, and (5) continuous evaluations and revisions of aims and goals of Head Start and similar programs. (Author/CK)
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, Dissertation Copies Post Office Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 70-13,956: MF $4.00, Xerography $10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Language Facility Test; Mother Goose Problems Test; Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking
Note: 301p.: Ed.D. Dissertation, George Washington University. ("Thinking Creatively With Pictures, Booklet A", page 202, not microfilmed at request of author. Available for consultation at George Washington Univ. Library)