ERIC Number: ED060747
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Bilingualism in the Six-Year-Old Navajo Child.
Spolsky, Bernard; Holm, Wayne
The amount of English spoken by six-year-old Navaho children as they enter first grade is increasing and will probably continue to increase. Contacts outside the reservation contribute to this increase as do the almost completely monolingual (English) schools. Location of residence is also a factor. Linguistic borrowing of English words is another indication of the increased influence of English. Although the Navaho people remain the largest group of non-English-speaking Indians in the United States, there are signs of a growing diglossia. (VM)
Descriptors: Acculturation, American Indian Reservations, American Indians, Beginning Reading, Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Child Language, Diglossia, Early Childhood Education, English (Second Language), Environmental Influences, Language Acquisition, Navajo, North American English, Preschool Children, Sociolinguistics, Tables (Data), Teacher Aides
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Laval Univ., Quebec (Quebec). International Center for Research on Bilingualism.
Note: In "Conference on Child Language," preprints of papers presented at the Conference, Chicago, Illinois, November 22-24, 1971, p225-239