ERIC Number: ED060367
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Psihologija matematiceskih sposobnostej skol'nikov (The Psychology of Mathematical Aptitudes of Schoolchildren).
Krutetskij, V. A.
This document is an English-language abstract (approximately 1,500 words) of a monograph summarizing the theoretical and experimental psychological research done to determine the mathematical aptitudes of schoolchildren. The author constructs a general picture of the mathematical aptitudes of students; he identifies nine components, to be correlated with a particular stage in the solution of the problem: (1) aptitude for the formalized perception of the mathematical material; (2) aptitude for logical reasoning in terms of numerical and spatial relationships plus symbolism; (3) ability to generalize mathematical units; (4) flexibility of abstract thought processes; (5) aptitude for taking short cuts in mathematical reasoning; (6) striving for clarity, simplicity, and elegance in the solution; (7) ability to reorient thought process quickly and easily; (8) mathematical memory; (9) mathematical orientation of the brain, a distinctive organization of the mind that can reduce reality into logical mathematical categories. The author quotes many statements, observations, and theories held by experts over the years from many countries on establishing mathematical aptitudes and finds that basically the problem of aptitudes is one of individual differences. (Author/gdb)
Descriptors: Ability Identification, Abstracts, Academic Ability, Cognitive Ability, Individual Differences, Learning Processes, Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction, Psychological Studies, Research Methodology, Student Characteristics, Teaching Methods
Available in CEAS Abstract Series No. 1-4 (ED 060 227)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A