ERIC Number: ED059932
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Jun-21
Reference Count: 0
Values and the Valuing Process.
This paper develops a basic conceptual framework of values and the valuing process. Section 1, Values and Value Claims, discusses the four different types of value claims (personal, market, real, and implicit) and their relationships. The second section considers the process of rational evaluation as a method of arriving at and supporting value claims. As this discussion points out, the process of rational evaluation is basically one of comparing alternative means to our ends, and this means/end model must be seen as operating not with initially fixed means and ends, but with the task of developing, clarifying, and combining means and ends. A number of different skills are involved in this process, and it is worthwhile encouraging students to identify these skills during these discussions. The third and final section, Foundations of Morality and Democracy, discusses the place and function of ultimate values in discussions of values in general, and democratic values in particular. The author concludes with a remark about the difference between education and indoctrination: In moral education, we should be saying nothing that is unchallengeable, and we should be concentrating on providing students with the cognitive and affective skills they need in order to do the challenging of our past assumptions, and to develop new value conclusions for new situations. (Author/JLB)
Descriptors: Affective Objectives, Conceptual Schemes, Democracy, Democratic Values, Ethical Instruction, Ethics, Instructional Improvement, International Education, Moral Values, Peace, Philosophy, Secondary Education, Social Values, Summer Programs, Teaching Methods, Values, Values Education, War, Workshops
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Diablo Valley Education Project, Orinda, CA.