ERIC Number: ED059856
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Apr
Reference Count: 0
A Test of the Paired-Associate Analogy to RI in Free Recall.
Perlmutter, Jane; Royer, James M.
To provide a further test of the paired-associate analogy to retroactive inhibition in free recall, this experiment investigated the effect of presenting both original learning (OL) and interpolated learning (IL) in either blocked category (B) or random (R) fashion. IL-OL Similar (S), IL-OL Different (D), and control (C) conditions were included. A total of 60 male and 60 female university students were equally and randomly assigned to each of the six cells of the 2 x 3 factorial design. The lists contained 20 words, five from each of four categories. The experimental session consisted of (1) acquisition of OL list, (2) acquisition of IL list, and (3) criterion recall of OL list. Among the findings were the following: (1) For OL learning, the R groups took more trials to reach criterion than the B groups, and no main effect was found for the OL-IL similarity factor. (2) For IL learning, the presentation factor was again significant, favoring the B groups; there was also a main effect for IL learning due to OL-IL similarity, with the D groups recalling more words than the S groups, and (3) The presentation factor was not a significant source of variance for criterion recall of OL words; however, the main effect due to OL-IL similarity was significant. The number of words recalled decreased in the order of C, D, and S groups. References are included. (AW)
Descriptors: Cluster Grouping, Factor Analysis, Inhibition, Memory, Paired Associate Learning, Recall (Psychology), Word Lists
Jane Perlmutter, Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01002 (free)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, Ill., Apr. 1972