ERIC Number: ED059764
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Nonverbal Behavior of Young Children as It Relates to Their Decision Making: A Report of Research Findings.
Roderick, Jessie A.; And Others
Nonverbal behaviors in young children, including facial expressions, gesture, and body movement, were studied. Decision-making behaviors were viewed on a less intentional-intentional continuum ranging from beginning or pre-decision behavior which suggested little or no intent to middle or exploratory behaviors indicative of more intent to end behaviors which denoted strong intent or a child's absorption in or completion of a task. Subjects were University Nursery-Kindergarten children who were representative of each of the three age groups and were equally representative of both sexes. A Pilot and a Principal Study were conducted. An initial step in the Pilot Study was the development of the Pupil Nonverbal Category System. All observations were made during a free play period. The following were noted: (1) the nonverbal behaviors exhibited, (2) the nature of any personal interaction, and (3) task completion or the ability to stay with a task for at least five minutes. The occurrence of nonverbal behaviors and the relationship of these behaviors to decision making and to interactions with other persons were analyzed and reported in terms of mean frequencies, percentages, and rankings. It was found that: (1) Frequency of behaviors varied with age and sex; (2) With respect to nonverbal behaviors, the majority of beginning points were observed in the Task Oriented category; the majority of middle points in Focusing Seeking; and the majority of end points in Withdraw. It is recommended that more than one observer should study a child and nonverbal behaviors be recorded separate from decision-making behaviors. (Author/CK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Coll. of Education.
Note: University Nursery-Kindergarten Monograph 5