ERIC Number: ED059194
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Reference Count: N/A
Multiple Marking of English Compositions: An Account of an Experiment.
Britton, J. N.; And Others
An experiment was conducted to find a better method of marking English composition than that which is in general use. The method tested was one in which each composition was assessed independently by three markers who judged the general impression of the writing, and by a fourth marker who applied a code of penalties for mechanical errors. Brief written instructions were provided to the impression markers prior to the experiment. Results of this method of marking were compared with the examiners' marking of General Certificate of Education (G.C.E.) "O" Level compositions, carried out by the Cambridge Board. The comparison showed: (1) with the new method, the marks were more reliable, as shown by greater agreement between the marks given to a set of compositions by two teams of markers; (2) the marks obtained by the new method agree more closely with the examinee's estimate of his writing ability; and (3) since the value of a piece of writing is to a considerable degree a matter of opinion, the new method provides an all-round view of the writer's performance in a subjective task. Further improvements that may be made to the new method are considered, and lines of further enquiry are indicated. Six appendixes and references are provided. (DB)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Data Analysis, Evaluation Methods, Grading, Reliability, Student Evaluation, Validity, Writing (Composition), Writing Skills
Pendragon House, Inc., 899 Broadway Avenue, Redwood City, California 94063 ($0.80 prepaid)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Schools Council, London (England).