ERIC Number: ED058936
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Preschool Children's Self-Measurement of Listening Discrimination of Four Loudness Levels of Natural Sounds with an Automated Videotape Free-Play Game.
Friedlander, Bernard Z.
The effectiveness of an automated free-play television game as a means for measuring normal and language impaired children's preferential selection of closely regulated sound values was studied. The subjects were 24 preschool children (18 with normal language function and 6 with language disabilities) from four through six years of age. The instrument system allowed four different pairs of loudness combinations to be presented so that the subjects' response records would indicate which loudness level in each pair they preferred to listen to. All children were tested in four separate sessions on four successive days. Results of the data analysis show: (1) the children showed significantly different preferences for the Optimal sound level in each of the four conditions, which indicated a relatively high degree of precision as the loudness levels differed by only about 10dB; (2) the language-impaired children were not significantly different from the normals in their preference for the optimal loudness; (3) the language impaired children were significantly less attentive to the sight and sound stimuli than were the normals, and made significantly higher response durations at the higher loudness levels; and (4) the normal children sought the stimulus feedbacks in larger, more inclusive informational units than did the language impaired children. (DB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Child Development (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper submitted to American Speech and Hearing Association, November 1969