ERIC Number: ED058601
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Ethnic Minorities and Dominant Elites in American Life.
O'Kane, James M.
Historically, the ethnic minorities in American life have utilized 3 major routes of upward social mobility. These are unskilled labor, ethnic crime and ethnic politics. These modes of mobility are viewed as adjustment mechanisms to the forced and sometimes violent exclusions of the respective ethnic minority from the conventional American mainstream. The dominant elites viewed these ethnic newcomers with scorn and suspicion and the overall stance of the elites was one of "militant defensiveness" wherein every attempt was made to guard their cherished Anglo-American social and political institutions. Consequently the routes of labor, crime and politics created situations whereby each group "made it" into the dominant society on its terms rather than on the terms of the dominant elites. This analysis seeks to explore these observations in relation to contemporary ethnic minorities, particularly blacks and Puerto Ricans. The impact of racial factors is minimized and considered secondary to the dominant impact of class factors. The plight of contemporary ethnic minorities is thus seen in ethnic and class terms, rather than in racial terms. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Drew Univ., Madison, NJ.
Note: Paper presented at American Sociological Association convention, Denver, Colo., August 30 - September 2, 1971