ERIC Number: ED058586
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Sep-5
Reference Count: 0
Personality Theory as Related to Counseling Psychology.
Darley, John G.
A review of the literature on personality as compiled by Adelson, Dahlstrom, Fiske and Pearson suggests that personality theory is a "swamp" through which one must tread carefully. The author recommends these cautions: (1) view carefully personality constructs and polarities from one experimenter which are reported with little regard for their predictive power or construct network; (2) remember the meaning of construct, concurrent, and predictive validity; (3) fixed-stage theories of human development may not be as useful in the management of human behavior as trait theories based on extensive reports of a few longitudinal studies in the research literature; and (4) genetic, developmental, and environmental correlates of "personality" are still largely unknowns in the broad reaches of human development, and thus the extent of change to be effected in an individual by counseling must be carefully considered. Finally, the author supports the understanding of: (1) ability and achievement measures as relatively unchanging; (2) situational factors that modulate individual behavior in its totality, i.e., evidence on performance of individuals from minority groups; (3) the few longitudinal studies about a few crucial personality traits; and (4) the relative effectiveness of intervention procedures. (MA)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Dept. of Psychology.
Note: Paper presented at American Psychological Association convention, Washington, D. C., September 3-7, 1971