ERIC Number: ED058571
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Real Research in Drug Education. Real Research in Drug Education; Drug Information: The Irrelevant Variable.
Swisher, John D.; Hoffman, Alan M.
These 2 articles argue that the presentation of drug information in drug education has no relevance. Hoffman reviews the various approaches to drug education, most of which are based upon the idea that giving people information will act as a deterrent to their use of drugs. A scale was administered to a large and varied population of students to assess affective (attitudinal), cognitive (knowledge) and behavioral factors regarding drugs. Results indicated that the more knowledge people possessed about drugs, the more liberal (pro-drug use)their attitudes were; drug users were more knowledgeable than non-users; and a low affective score (liberal attitude) also proved significantly related to drug usage. Swisher's review of drug education programs indicates a large variation in program outcomes. Short-term programs have little impact on attitudes regarding drug abuse. Use of group counseling with information giving also makes no difference. In certain instances, giving of information was related to increased drug abuse, increased interest in acquiring additional knowledge about drugs, and liberalization of attitudes, but in general there is little evidence of beneficial effects. (KS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park.
Note: Paper presented at American Personnel and Guidance Association convention, Atlantic City, N. J., April 4-8, 1971