ERIC Number: ED057915
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Development of a Set of Conditioning Tasks to Measure Conditionability as a Stable Aspect of Behavior--A Feasibility Study.
Strong, Emily; Vallery, Arlee
Tests of conditionability in infants were used in a longidudinal study of 32 subjects in the first year of life. The research was based on Eysenck's hypothesis that conditionability i s a unitary factor related to introversion-extroversion and attention span. The objective of the investigators was to devise a battery of conditioning tasks applicable at ages 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, and 12 months, which would examine individual differences and patterning in conditioning behavior. At each test period, the infant was given four conditioning tasks which were usually repeated on each of three days. Criteria for accepting conditioning tasks included: (1) Is it appropriate for the age? (2) Is it simple to administer? (3) Is it non-aversive to most babies? At each test period, the Bayley Test of Mental and Motor Development was administered, a simple test of attention span was carried out, and the mother was given a questionnaire to fill out and return. Findings include: (1) Test administration is possible without unduly tiring the subjects; (2) Tasks set up for the infants must be simple, pleasureable, brief; (3) Subjects of these ages present some unique problems in that they are not likely to tolerate a bare physical setting and instrumentation; (4) The problem of acclimating the child to the strange setting was speeded by an initial play period with toys; and (5) Continued willingness to participate by the parents is maximized by answering their questions about child development and child rearing philosophy, and in some cases, referrals to proper help. (CK)
Descriptors: Attention Span, Behavior Patterns, Cognitive Development, Conditioning, Environmental Influences, Feasibility Studies, Hypothesis Testing, Infant Behavior, Longitudinal Studies, Measurement Instruments, Mothers, Motor Development, Parent Attitudes, Parent Counseling, Personality, Pilot Projects, Play, Questionnaires, Responses, Task Performance, Tests
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Alabama Univ., University.
Identifiers: Bayley Scales of Infant Development