ERIC Number: ED057884
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Sep-7
Reference Count: 0
Analysis of Children's Social Skills Development and their Reactions to a Preschool Television Program.
Pena, Deagelia; Miller, George
Systematic observation techniques were used for analyzing both the social skills development and program reactions of 3- to 5-year-old children to the Appalachia Educational Laboratory television program "Around the Bend". One specially designed observational system consisted of 28 categories of social skills under six headings and permitted viewer behavior to be recorded on a reasonably low level of abstraction. However, the observational system lends itself to a variety of alternative forms of classification and data analysis. Results from first use of this observational scheme indicate that televiewing in the mobile classroom contributed to the development of social skills assumed important in the learning process within a socially structured environment. Another specially designed observational technique evaluated the effect of individual programs in encouraging a viewer's overt reactions during a telecast. Eight paraprofessionals observed and coded the responses of 270 children to suggestions made by the television "teacher." Coding was done at 5-minute intervals on a rotated, random schedule over 133 programs. Data indicated age and sex differences in the children's reactions to a program. The television programs were most stimulating to 4-year-old subjects and were of more interest to girls than to boys. (WY)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Appalachia Educational Lab., Charleston, WV.
Identifiers: Appalachia Educational Laboratory WV
Note: Paper presented at the 79th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C., September 7, 1971