ERIC Number: ED057400
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Jun
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Verbal Qualification of Argument Reasons upon Acceptance of the Derived Claim. Report from Concepts in Verbal Argument Project.
Feezel, Jerry D.
Previous studies of language have indicated that various qualifier words (e.g., I know that, probably) attached to statements represent differing degrees of belief in the statements. Nine qualifiers were studied which represent 3 degrees of probability and 3 forms of wording: "certainly, it is certain, I know, Probably, it is likely, I believe, Possibly, it is possible, I suspect." Hypotheses and questions focused on: (1) qualifier degree; (2) interaction of degree and form; (3) interaction of degree and location; and (4) unqualified reasons for effects upon receiver responses. The major conclusions were as follows: (1) certainty degree words effected stronger conclusions than the other qualifiers, but unqualified statements are as strong as or stronger than certainty statements; (2) word forms of qualifiers interact with degree in a complex way, with personal thought forms tending to be the stronger; (3) "probably" has an ambiguous meaning between likely and possible degrees; (4) content and logic factors influence different results for qualifiers in argument from the words viewed in isolation; and (5) though there is some stability in repeated responses, there are also individual variations and inconsistency of response by many students who tend to be the less intelligent and less able readers. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.