ERIC Number: ED057390
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Lower Class and the Future of Inequality.
Van Til, Sally Bould; Van Til, Jon
Two common perspectives regarding lower-class behavior are examined. The authors find little empirical support either for the "culture of poverty" position, with its singular emphasis on retained and transmitted cultural modes, or for the "blocked opportunity" or "situational" hypothesis. Recent evidence is adduced which shows a 3rd perspective, adaptive drift, to be the most adequate conceptualization. In this perspective, the poor are able to drift between lower-class and mainstream cultural ways because they are marginal to society, and are treated as less than full members of it. The policy implications of all 3 positions are extrapolated. The adaptive drift model is viewed as most clearly related to policies aimed at reducing inequalities by guaranteeing basic rights to the market, to governmental services, and to the control of institutions. (TL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Swarthmore Coll., PA.; Bryn Mawr Coll., PA.
Note: Paper presented at Meetings of American Sociological Association, Denver, Colo., August 30 - September 2, 1971