ERIC Number: ED056742
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Individual Differences in Strange-Situational Behaviour of One-Year-Olds.
Ainsworth, Mary D. Salter; And Others
An unfamiliar or strange situation was used as a setting to highlight individual differences in an infant's responses to brief separations from his mother and his reactions to a stranger. Two groups were observed, one composed of 23 white, middle class mother-infant pairs, the other of 33 pairs. Eight episodes, presented in fixed order for all pairs, were used in which a baby faced an unfamiliar environment and also a stranger, both when his mother was present and when she was absent. Detailed conclusions are drawn from the test situations for three groups of mother-infant pairs: (1) babies whose mothers were sensitive to their needs and with whom there was harmonious interaction; (2) babies whose mothers consistently rejected them and with whom there was an unharmonious relationship; and (3) babies whose mothers interfere and also ignore them, but in which maternal rejection is either moderate or masked. (MK)
Descriptors: Anxiety, Infant Behavior, Mother Attitudes, Parent Child Relationship, Social Behavior, Tables (Data)
H. R. Schaffer (Ed). "The Origins of Human Social Relations." London: Academic Press. (In press)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Foundation's Fund for Research in Psychiatry.; Public Health Service (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD.
Identifiers: Separation Anxiety
Note: A condensed version of this paper was read at a meeting of the Study Group on Human Social Relations, London, July, 1969