ERIC Number: ED056304
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Oct
Reference Count: 0
The Application of Computer Technology to the Instruction of Undereducated Adults. Final Report.
Cole, James L.
Two different uses of computers in instruction are Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) and Computer Managed Instruction (CMI). CMI is primarily concerned with data management in the instructional process, and CAI is the use of computers to control the instructional process itself. The uses of computers in instruction can be described in four main categories: (1) Drill and Practice, (2) Tutorial-CAI, (3) Games and Simulation, and (4) Computation and Problem Solving. In Tutorial-CAI, instruction is carried out on the computer in a set of frames similar to programmed instruction. The use of computers in the instruction of Adult Basic Education (ABE) students was investigated in two ways: (1) The use of an IBM 1500 System investigated the use of computers for testing, Drill and Practice and Tutorial-CAI, and (2) The development of an Instructional Process Control (IPC) System using a mini-computer and simplified student stations to control response feedback on programmed instructional materials. Conclusions include: (1) ABE pupils found the complexities of the student stations of the IBM 1500 System difficult to master and prone to produce anxiety; (2) The IPC System provided no impediments to learning. Recommendations include: (1) CAI in its conventional forms should not be explored any further at present for ABE pupils; (2) Further demonstration programs should be supported to develop applications of the IPC System. (CK)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Comparative Analysis, Computer Assisted Instruction, Disadvantaged, Functional Literacy, Learning Motivation, Programed Instruction, Research, Teaching Methods, Technology
James L. Cole, Department of Psychology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, N.C. ($3.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Adult, Vocational, and Technical Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh. Adult Learning Center.