ERIC Number: ED056046
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: N/A
The Segmental and Suprasegmental Phones, Phonemes, and Morphophones of an Afro-American Dialect.
Hoffman, Melvin J.
Within the past several years, many works which deal with the phonology of disadvantaged Afro-American populations have appeared. Certain difficulties are encountered in these studies. These include difficulties in obtaining data and in determining analytical procedure. For this analysis of the phonology of the disadvantaged Afro-American population in Buffalo, New York, no novel solution is offered in regard to the delimitation of the dialect. As in earlier studies, a commonality in background among the informants provides the chief delimiting criterion. Data are obtained in two ways: (1) from a school with built-in listening devices for educational purposes about which staff, parents, and students are informed; and (2) from tapes of situations where informants are aware that they are being taped but are distracted sufficiently by content to relax their control of form. A qualitative approach is employed in this analysis. Phonological variation is treated at three levels: phonetic, phonemic, and morphophonic. Suprasegmental as well as segmental data are analyzed. The analysis of the phonology of this dialect reveals insufficient diversity from familiar English dialects to warrant its being called a separate language. Speculative remarks in this regard are offered following the analysis. (Author/CK)
Descriptors: Black Studies, Data Analysis, Disadvantaged, Language Research, Nonstandard Dialects, Phonology
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, Dissertation Copies Post Office Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 71-7172: MF $4.00, Xerography $10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
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Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, State University of New York at Buffalo