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ERIC Number: ED055977
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Human Resource Approach to the Development of African Nations.
Harbison, Frederick H.
The growth, prosperity, and viability of the new African nations will depend ultimately on their ability to develop systematically and to utilize effectively their human resources. The major human resource problems are 1) rising unemployment in urban areas, 2) under-employment of the rural masses, 3) shortages of strategic skills, 4) poorly geared educational systems, and 5) excessively high rates of population growth. The required development strategies would include labor-intensive employment generation in urban areas, rural development oriented to small farmers, and emphasis on "non-formal" education. The human resource approach in building such strategies recognizes the importance of increasing the total material wealth or GNP of African nations, but gives higher priority to the goals of full employment, more equitable income distribution, and relevant skill and knowledge development of the labor force. The techniques of human resource assessment range far beyond the traditional type of statistical surveys of high level manpower. They involve continuous enumeration of the labor force, tracing of career patterns of school leavers and university graduates, the study of the labor-absorptive capacity of different industries, and the calculation of cost-effectiveness of investments in human resource development. (RT)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: American Council on Education, Washington, DC. Overseas Liaison Committee.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Africa