ERIC Number: ED055722
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: 0
Migration, Culture and Health of Mexican Americans in an Acculturation Gradient.
Aranda, Robert G.; Acosta, Phyllis B.
In East Los Angeles, 26 Mexican American families with children in Head Start responded to a questionnaire gathering data on birthplace, family income, occupation, individuals in the home, dietary intake and habits of the children, food buying and preparation practices, and pregnancy history of the mothers. In San Ysidro, 101 Mexican American families reported the same kinds of information. Only family descriptions and pregnancy histories are included in this report, which reflects, among other findings, that in Los Angeles 31% of the mothers and 35% of the fathers were Mexican-born while in San Ysidro 78% of the mothers and 69% of the fathers were Mexican-born; mean family size in Los Angeles and San Ysidro was 5.8 individuals and was unaffected by birthplace of parents; fathers resided in 65% of the homes in Los Angeles and in 88% of the homes in San Ysidro; fewer U.S.-born fathers were employed both in Los Angeles and San Ysidro than Mexican-born fathers; Mexican-born women appeared to be in poorer health during pregnancy than U.S.-born women; health status of the women became worse as they migrated farther north; in Los Angeles, 96% of the women received medical care during pregnancy while 93% in San Ysidro received care; more U.S.-born women failed to obtain care than Mexican-born women; more Mexican-born women had medical problems during pregnancy than did U.S.-born women; in Los Angeles, a greater percentage of Mexican-born failed to carry fetus to term than U.S.-born while in San Ysidro a higher percentage of U.S.-born women aborted; and the prematurity rates in Los Angeles and San Ysidro in both U.S.- and Mexican-born women were well below the national average. (JB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: California Univ., San Diego.; Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A