ERIC Number: ED055693
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
Evaluation of the Camp Project for Seventh, Eighth, and Ninth Grade Pupils. Research and Development Report, Vol. IV, No. 9, Summer 1970.
Nowicki, Stephen, Jr.; Barnes, Jarvis
In summer of 1970, the Atlanta Public Schools received funds for a camp project involving 380 junior high pupils, 95% Negroes and 5% Caucasians. Objectives included providing the opportunity for pupils to assume responsibility, develop self-reliance, and thereby increase self-respect; teaching the skills involved in outdoor recreation; teaching the importance of, and appreciation for, natural resources through realistic projects; teaching elements of democratic living through group living, planning, and sharing; and integrating outdoor experiences with the regular school curriculum. The project provided 5 1/2 days of outdoor education and camping experience, with a schedule organized around such activities as camp craft, fishing, swimming, conservation classes, and nature study. Pupils were tested using the Nowicki-Strickland Locus of Control Scale on the first day and a revised model on the last day. Statistical results indicated, for example, that the camping experience made the youngsters feel more in control of events affecting them and more confident in themselves; that pupils learned more than they had anticipated; that they made more friends than they had anticipated; and that the Nowicki-Strickland measure is valid for a predominately black population. Recommendations included continuation of the program; operation of the camp program independently rather than sharing the camp site; inclusion of children of different socioeconomic levels; and follow-up to ascertain what effects the experience may have had on school performance. (JB)
Descriptors: Analysis of Variance, Black Youth, Camping, Disadvantaged Youth, Federal Programs, Junior High School Students, Outdoor Education, Program Costs, Program Evaluation, Questionnaires, Recreational Activities, Research Design, Self Concept, Statistical Data, Summer Programs, Teachers, Urban Youth, White Students
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Programs for the Disadvantaged.
Authoring Institution: Atlanta Public Schools, GA.
Identifiers: Georgia; Georgia (Atlanta)