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ERIC Number: ED055659
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 86
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Television in Inner-City Homes: Viewing Behavior of Young Boys.
Murray, John P.
To determine whether watching violence on television instills aggressive behavior in a child, the television viewing of 27 5-and 6-year old black males from a sample of urban poor families was periodically observed and charted over a 1-year period. Data was collected on each child's family unit, home setting and available media. Longitudinal trends were obtained on each child's social and intellectual development and an interpersonal behavior assessment was made. For one week, each family maintained a "dairy of the subject-child's television viewing: programs viewed, duration and intensity of viewing and reason for program selection. The heavy viewing periods on weekdays were naturally concentrated in the after school and evening hours. However, on Saturday and Sunday, the prime viewing period shifted to the morning hours, suggesting that children are selective about their television viewing. The children ranged from casual watchers to nearly addicted television viewers. Study results indicate that the heavy viewer is physically active, but interpersonally passive. The casual viewer is less able to be distracted, less likely to be bashful about playing with others and more likely to initiate interpersonal contact. Numerous instances of spontaneous imitation of televised behavior were observed. Children paid greater attention and exhibited higher reactivity while viewing children's programming. Tables and appendixes comprise half of the document. (Author/MK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Identifiers: N/A