ERIC Number: ED055253
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: 0
The Cloze Procedure as a Teaching Technique.
A total of 10 studies since 1962 pertaining directly to the use of cloze procedure as a teaching technique are initially reviewed. The reviewed literature is then synthesized to determine what is currently known about cloze as a teaching device and to identify general weaknesses in this research area. General problems identified are no real teaching, lack of focus, weak experimental designs, measurement problems, and omissions in reporting studies. It is concluded (1) that research evidence does not indicate the cloze procedure to be an effective teaching technique and (2) that past research in this area has been rather narrowly conceived and limited in scope. The author also feels that little attention has been focused on appropriate instructional strategies, methods of presentation, and relative effects of varying deletion systems or benefits derived by different age or grade levels. Based on the problems identified, suggestions are made as to the direction future research might take, and guidelines for reporting cloze research are offered. This publication is one of the "Reading Information Series: Where Do We Go?," designed to strengthen the research in reading education. A bibliography is included. (AW)
Descriptors: Cloze Procedure, Literature Reviews, Measurement Techniques, Reading Instruction, Reading Research, Research Design, Research Needs, Research Problems, Teaching Methods
International Reading Association, 6 Tyre Ave., Newark, Del. 19711 ($1.00 to members, $1.50 to nonmembers)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Reading Association, Newark, DE.; Indiana Univ., Bloomington. ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading.