ERIC Number: ED054732
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Apr
Reference Count: 0
A Study of the Relationship of Instrumental and Intellectual Orientations to the Educational Experiences of Black Students at the University of Michigan. Final Report.
Fenstemacher, William Proctor
This study explored the relationship between the background and ideological characteristics of undergraduates and their experiences at the University of Michigan, focusing on black students from low socioeconomic backgrounds. It was particularly concerned with distinguishing between students who have a predominantly vocational, instrumental approach to college and those who approach college with theoretical, intellectual goals. Of special interest was the discovery whether black students chose black or white friends and referent figures--people in the University community most admired and emulated by the student. Of a total sample of 328 students 277 responded to 3 questionnaires. Interviews were also held with 80 of the low socioeconomic respondents. Among major findings were: differences in responses of black and white students concerning educational experiences were insufficient to warrant controlling analyses on the basis of race; while white students believed that their college experience had increased their acceptance of blacks, blacks cited increased feelings of antagonism and desire for separatism; the most significant problems experienced by instrumentally oriented black students were academic pressure and the resulting self-analysis, and feelings the system was against them. Problems of intellectually oriented students involved interpersonal relationships; a distinction was made between friends and referent figures. (JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Inst. for Social Research.