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ERIC Number: ED054502
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Measurement Effects in Studying Reactions to Spatial Invasions.
Becker, Franklin D.; Mayo, Clara
Two concepts predominate in studies of spatial invasion: territoriality (personalization and defense of a fixed spatial area) and personal space (a portable area surrounding the individual, which is responsive to environmental change). Spatial invasions were carried out by occupying a marked seat (invade condition), and adjacent seat (adjacent condition), and one across from the marked space (across condition) in a cafeteria situation using students as subjects. Reactions were tested by methods increasing in realism: (1) questionnaire; (2) doll placement; (3) laboratory simulation; (4) field simulation; and (5) field experiment. The results supported the expectations that (1) individuals respond to social distance rather than territorial defense in a cafeteria situation; and (2) except where experimental manipulation is so powerful as to eliminate virtually all variation among subjects (i.e., the invade and across conditions), different methods produce different results, with the greatest differences between those methods most different. These findings are explained in terms of the decreasing number of task relevant cues available to the subject in increasingly artificial situations. (KS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Boston Univ., MA.
Note: Paper presented at Eastern Psychological Association Annual Meeting (42nd, New York, N. Y., April 15-17, 1971)