ERIC Number: ED054473
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: 0
Race as a Component of Social Distance among Black and White Secondary School Students and Their Teachers. Barriers and Aspirations--Generalizations from Research. Black and White Attitudes about Guidance: Observations from the Field.
Dole, Arthur A.; And Others
All 3 studies are segments of a larger study carried out in a small Northeastern industrial city of 12,000 population, of which 25% is black. In the first study, which explored the interpersonal and interracial attitudes of black and white youth and teachers, the concept of social distance was employed. Four components were selected for their relevance as important personal characteristics of influence sources: race, ability to understand others, competency, and trustworthiness. Each component was found to contribute significantly to social distance. The other 2 studies focus specifically on high school guidance services. Black and white students' and parents' attitudes and perceptions of these services are presented. In general, while vocational guidance was not found to be blatantly racist in this small city, to many blacks, and some whites, it was not viewed as meeting their needs. For the blacks, it was perceived as racist. The authors feel that the concept "guidance as a service to all" was not operational in this community. (TL)
Descriptors: Black Attitudes, Career Guidance, Counselor Attitudes, Counselor Client Relationship, Counselors, Educational Environment, Guidance Personnel, Guidance Programs, High School Seniors, High School Students, High Schools, Interpersonal Relationship, Racial Discrimination, Racial Relations, Racism, Social Differences, Social Discrimination, Student Attitudes, Teachers
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania Univ., Philadelphia. Graduate School of Education.
Note: Papers presented at American Educational Research Association convention, New York, N. Y., February 4-7, 1971, and American Personnel and Guidance Association convention, Atlantic City, N. J., April 4-8, 1971