ERIC Number: ED054287
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Communicative Dimensions of Mother-Child Interaction as They Affect the Self Esteem of the Child.
Miller, Thomas W.
The effects of verbal and non-verbal parental behavior on the self esteem of the child were explored by means of a stratified random sampling of schools in a large metropolitan area in Northeastern United States. A Parental Response Inventory was first developed. This is a structured inventory consisting of 12 prepared situations and a choice of four alternatives for each situation. Six of the situations involve behavior of a positive nature, six of a negative nature. This and other measures to assess verbal response patterns of mothers and the self esteem of children yielded the following results. A significant relationship exists between maternal descriptiveness in negative situations and the self-esteem of the child. Significant differences are observed between the inner city black sample and suburban white sample. Measures to assess non-verbal parental behavior and its effects on the self esteem of the child indicate a significant relationship between maternal empathy, genuineness, and positive regard toward the child and his level of self esteem. Thus, another aspect of socio-cultural significance related to child-rearing has been identified and measured. [Because of the print quality of the original, this document will not be clearly legible when reproduced.] (Author/JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Buffalo.
Identifiers: Parental Response Inventory (Miller)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C., September 1971