ERIC Number: ED054257
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Response of State Government to an Urban Problem: The School Lunch Program in New Jersey.
Young, Dennis; Nokkeo, Suthirat Supaporn
The failure of State governments to use their unique place in the Federal structure for the relief of urban areas is illustrated by the school lunch program in New Jersey. The cities have a higher share of needy students and yet do not receive a greater share of program funds than the suburbs. The lunch gap--i.e., the number of low income students less the number of subsidized lunches served per day--is borne primarily by the cities--with the exception of the Atlantic City area. However, the State has several options in the allocation of school lunch program resources. But the State administration of fiscal controls is designed neither to produce the most meals for the needy nor to resolve the financial difficulties of urban school meal programs. In developing new policies for using the State controls more effectively, the "efficiency" objective to maximize the number of meals served to needy children for a given amount of Federal and State program funds must be balanced against the "equality" objective to compensate poor urban districts in accordance with their more pressing needs. The State government is in a strategic position to deal with the problems that fall particularly hard on the cities, by supplying needed fiscal resources, delivering needed services, and restructuring the organizational framework through which localities do business. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Administrative Organization, City Government, Disadvantaged Youth, Federal Aid, Federal State Relationship, Financial Problems, Government Role, Low Income, Lunch Programs, Poverty Programs, Program Improvement, Resource Allocation, State Government, Urban Problems
Publications Office, the Urban Institute, 2100 M St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037 ($2.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers: New Jersey