ERIC Number: ED053435
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Jul-31
Reference Count: 0
A Study of Four Approaches to Drug Abuse Prevention. Final Report.
Swisher, John D.; Warner, Richard W.
The purpose of this study was to compare the relative effectiveness of 4 approaches to drug abuse prevention among secondary school youth. The 4 approaches employed were: (1) a standard unit in health classes dealing with drug abuse; (2) group counseling using relationship techniques in addition to the health unit; (3) group counseling using model reinforcement techniques and a role model who has not abused drugs in addition to the health unit; and (4) group counseling using model reinforcement techniques and a role model who is a reformed drug abuser in addition to the health unit. Criteria for evaluative purposes included gain in knowledge, changes in attitudes, and reduction in drug abuse rates following the study. This study failed to identify any one approach as being more successful than any other approach with regard to knowledge gained, attitudes changed or the use of drugs. None of the approaches had any impact on the attitudes of the students toward drugs, nor were any of the approaches effective in reducing amount of drug use. Of the counselors, those who did function as reinforcement counselors moved their groups toward healthier attitudes and reduced use of drugs; but these results did not lend themselves to adequate statistical analysis. It is important to note that the involvement of drug experienced models did not show any particular effects. (Author/TA)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park.