ERIC Number: ED053407
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Pupil Control Ideology and Organizational Climate: An Empirical Assessment. A Paper Presented to the National Association of Elementary School Principals, April, 1971.
Appleberry, James B.
The school is viewed as a social system, composed of human beings interlocked in a network of social relationships and possessing a system of shared orientations which serve as standards for human behavior. Two related concepts are discussed: (1) pupil control ideology, conceptualized along a continuum ranging from "custodialism" to "humanism;" and (2) organizational climate, also arrayed along a continuum from open to closed. It is hypothesized that schools with open climates, and teachers and principals serving in relatively open schools, will be significantly more humanistic in pupil control ideology than schools with closed climates, or teachers and principals serving in closed climates. Two measurement instruments, the Pupil Control Ideology form (PCI) and the Organizational Climate Description Questionnaire (OCDQ) are briefly described. These were used to collect data on 45 elementary schools in 30 school districts. Results indicate that public elementary schools with open climates are significantly more humanistic in pupil control ideology than those with closed climates. Also, teachers, but not principals, serving in open schools, were found to be more humanistic in pupil control ideology than those in closed schools. (TL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater.
Note: Paper presented at the National Association of Elementary School Principals Convention, Cleveland, April 17-22, 1971