ERIC Number: ED053258
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
A Survey of the Employment Status of Mentally Retarded Adults in New York City.
Tobias, Jack; And Others
The records of 1,800 educable mentally retarded students who terminated schooling in the New York City public schools from 1960-1963 were examined to study their employment history and present job status. From the total population a representative sample of 383 was selected for such variables as sex, ethnic group membership, IQ level, and socioeconomic status; these subjects were interviewed at home by trained social service workers. More than half of the subjects were employed, but 62 percent of the men held a job compared to 31 percent of the women. Most of the employed had full-time jobs, and their pay was generally equal to the minimum wage. One hundred and fifty-one were given individual psychological evaluations, and the results indicated that 40 percent of the subjects no longer fell below the cut-off point of an IQ of 75. Despite the fact that free resources for training, counseling and placement through the Division of Vocational Rehabilitation (DVR) were available, less than 40 percent of the interviewed sample and less than 20 percent of the total population were known to the DVR. Caucasians applied to the DVR with twice the frequency of Negroes and three times the frequency of Puerto Ricans. (BC)
Descriptors: Employment Experience, Field Interviews, Individual Characteristics, Mental Retardation, Mild Mental Retardation, Psychological Testing, Surveys, Tables (Data), Young Adults
National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va: 22151 (PB-185574, MF $.65, see catalog for hard copy price)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Office of Manpower Research.
Authoring Institution: Association for the Help of Retarded Children, New York, NY.
Identifiers: New York (New York)