ERIC Number: ED052306
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Historical Perspective of the Florida Citrus Industry and the Impact of Mechanical Harvesting on the Demand for Labor.
Dow, J. Kamal
The Florida Citrus Crop is expected to increase 50 percent by 1980, resulting in labor shortages unless mechanical harvesting is used. This report uses a mathematical model of costs and revenues to compare the profitability of different mechanical systems with that of the manual system. The analysis shows that if present trends continue, mechanization will be economically desirable by 1975. However, resistance to change will probably slow mechanization to the extent that only 10 percent of the industry will be mechanized by that time. By 1980, however, the report predicts that mechanization will reach 60 percent for certain citrus crops. The study concludes that despite rapidly expanding production, manpower required for harvesting will peak in 1975 and then decline through 1980. The greatest impact will be felt by workers with low occupational mobility, due to age, race, or lack of education and experience. (BH)
Descriptors: Agricultural Laborers, Agricultural Production, Automation, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Employment Projections, Harvesting, Labor Needs, Mathematical Models, Migrant Workers
National Technical Information Service, Operations Division, Springfield, Virginia 22151 (PB 191 289, MF $0.95;see catalog for hard copy price)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Office of Manpower Research.
Authoring Institution: Florida Univ., Gainesville. Dept. of Agricultural Economics.