ERIC Number: ED052219
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Identification and Evaluation of Trained and Untrained Observers' Affective Responses to Art Objects. Final Report.
Hardiman, George W.
The objectives of this study were twofold: (1) to empirically identify and analyze trained and untrained observers' affective responses to a representative collection of paintings for the purpose of constructing art differential instruments, and (2) to use these instruments to objectively identify and evaluate the major affective factors and components associated with selected paintings by trained and untrained observers. The first objective was accomplished by having 120 trained and 120 untrained observers elicit a universe of 12,450 adjective qualifiers to a collection of 209 color slides of paintings. Data analyses yielded subsets of adjective qualifiers most characteristic of trained and untrained observers' affective decoding of the 209 slides. These subsets served as a basis for constructing separate art differential instruments for trained and untrained observers' use in subsequent analyses. The second objective was achieved by having 48 trained and 48 untrained observers rate 24 color slides of paintings on 50 scale art differential instruments. Trained and untrained observers' art differential ratings of the 24 paintings were factor analyzed in order to identify the major affective factors associated with the paintings. For the trained observers, these were: aesthetic-evaluative, dynamism, emotive, and structural-organization. For the untrained, the factors were: aesthetic-evaluative, potency, and emotive. (Author/CK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Dept. of Art.