ERIC Number: ED052213
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Attitudinal Correlates of Children's Speech Characteristics. Final Report.
Williams, Frederick; And Others
This research was a series of experiments focused upon teachers' evaluations of videotaped samples of children's speech. The theoretical framework drew mainly from current ideas about dialect features and the associations with social stereotypes which they appear to prompt in listeners. The practical focus was how this process relates to teachers' expectations of children's academic performances. The results of five experiments led to the following generalizations: (1) Teachers' evaluations of speech samples involved judgments along two relatively independent dimensions of confidence-eagerness and ethnicity-nonstandardness. These had generality across video-only, audio-only, and audio-video conditions of stimulus presentation and generality across samples of Anglo, Black, and Mexican-American children's speech. (2) The judgmental process appeared to combine stereotyping behaviors with evaluations of the language samples. (3) Teacher ethnicity interacted with child ethnicity in speech evaluations. (4) Speech evaluations could be used to predict teachers' expectations of children's academic performance in language arts classes. These results suggest that speech evaluation and the attitudinal correlates of dialect characteristics be incorporated into teacher training programs. (Author/DB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Center for Communication Research.