ERIC Number: ED052159
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Film and Video Tape Feedback: A Review of the Literature.
Baker, Harry P.
This review is concerned with self-confrontation counseling, which is defined as facing a subject with inconsistencies in his motivations or evasions. Such counseling involves two elements: the playback to a subject of his videotaped activity to allow him to view himself as others view him, and feedback to the subject in relation to the videotape. This reinforcement process is considered by many to be the single most important concept in understanding the learning process and an important variable in producing change. It is essential for the counselor to highlight important elements of the feedback process by means of supervisory conferences or critiques. Many of the studies examined involve dissonance theory, that is, the psychological tension when the self image and the recorded behavior are not in agreement. Self-confrontation can lead to behavior change by bringing the subject to a better understanding of his real self, provided that the message received is not seen as too threatening. Individual personality differences affect the self-confrontation experience and the document examines research studies which indicate that subjects with high and low self concepts tend to act in accordance with their self concept and that a low self concept reduces the probability of experiencing dissonance between present behavior and future valued goals. There is a bibliography of 147 items. (MBM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Research and Development Center for Teacher Education.
Note: Report Series No. 53