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ERIC Number: ED051727
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Mar-7
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Reactions of Prospective English Teachers toward Speakers of a Non-Standard Dialect.
Hewett, Nancy
This study supports the hypothesis that educated white listeners react negatively to the phonological variations of non-standard English. White college freshmen and seniors listened to a recorded tape of ten speakers, black and white with standard and non-standard styles of pronunciation, all reading the same passage. Students were asked to judge on phonological variations alone ten characteristics as well as the races and probable occupations of the speakers. Although all the speakers were educated, half, both black and white, spoke with a non-standard southern style of pronunciation. Non-standard speakers of both races were rated significantly lower overall on the characteristics than their Standard speaking counterparts. However, stereotypes included higher ratings on friendliness and honesty. Non-standard speakers were also perceived as black members of the working or lower classes, and Standard speakers were perceived as being white professionals. The situations observed in conducting such a study were as revealing as the statistical findings of the study itself: the typical reactions of southern speakers to the suggestion that they had such a speech style, the hesitancy in reading of all black speakers, the minor differences in perception between the freshmen and the seniors, and the reactions of the college students when confronted with their stereotypes. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: United States (North); United States (South)
Note: Paper presented at the Fifth Annual TESOL Convention, March 7, 1971, New Orleans, Louisiana