ERIC Number: ED051117
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Open-Closed Mindedness of Students in Teacher Education and in Other College Fields. Final Report.
Low, W. Blair; Shaver, James P.
This study found no overall significant differences in open-closed mindedness between students majoring in education and those majoring in other fields as measured by the Rokeach D and F Scales. The sample consisted of 1,016 junior and senior students from Utah State University (USU) and 893 from Weber State College (WSC). At USU, differences among the means of the various majors were not significant for the D or F Scales, nor was the difference among the majors significant for the D Scale means for WSC. On the F Scale at WSC, however, the mean score for education majors was found to be significantly higher than the mean for social science majors. An additional analysis compared prospective secondary teachers and non-teachers in each academic major. There were no significant differences at USU, but at WSC non-teaching engineers scored significantly lower than did engineers who planned to obtain teaching certificates, while English non-teachers scored significantly higher on the D Scale than their teaching counterparts. Further analysis of data involved the factors of sex, city size of childhood residency, religion, church attendance, and state of childhood residency. The only overall significant difference found was for sex, with male students at each institution scoring higher than female students on both scales. The conclusion is that in general students entering teaching are no more closed minded than other college students. (RT)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Utah State Univ., Logan. Bureau of Educational Research.
Identifiers: Rokeach Dogmatism Scale; Rokeach F Scale