ERIC Number: ED050925
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Mode of Elicitation in Articulation Testing.
Chapman, Robin S.; Ting, Ai Chen
Differences in articulation error rates and error patterns as a function of five elicitation modes (picture, picture with pretraining, word repetition, sentence repetition, and nonsense word repetition) were examined. The same 15 words (or pictures representing them) were stimuli in four real word conditions; nonsense words were formed by recombining the vowels and final consonants of the real words. Subjects were 22 preschoolers, 8 kindergarteners, 10 first graders, and 24 college students. Each subject was tested in each mode with order of testing counterbalanced. Errors in initial consonants, initial consonant clusters, vowels, final consonants, and final consonant clusters were scored separately. Error rates and error patterns were similar for the four real word modes. The nonsense words showed an error rate three times higher than that of the real word modes and, in constrast with the real word modes, increased rather than decreased from initial to final position. The effect of test items which are effectively nonsense as well as additional considerations bearing on the choice of real word testing modes are also considered. Tables and references are included. (Author/VJ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.