ERIC Number: ED050893
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Cloze Procedure: A Survey of the Research.
Jongsma, Eugene R.
The purpose of this study is to survey research literature concerning the use of the cloze procedure and to determine what is known about the procedure. The survey proceeds in three broad areas: (1) methodological considerations, (2) cloze as a measuring device, and (3) cloze as a teaching technique. It is concluded that cloze based on every -n(th) deletion correlates more highly than based on selective deletions and that scoring of exact replacements is the most useful scoring system. The author reports that the cloze procedure is a valid and reliable measure of comprehension ability. He also feels that the most significant contribution the cloze procedure has made to reading research is in the aspect of readability, and this signals cloze as an important tool in the study of language. Further research is recommended to examine the construct validity of the cloze procedure and to investigate various uses of the cloze (1) to measure information gain, (2) to measure listening comprehension, and (3) to explore the relationship of factors such as literary style and attitude to comprehension. The author has found little research done on cloze procedure as a teaching technique, and this research evidence does not suggest the cloze as an effective teaching technique. (AW)
Descriptors: Cloze Procedure, Literature Reviews, Measurement Instruments, Readability, Reading Comprehension, Reading Research, Teaching Methods
The Reading Program, 222 Pine Hall, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47401 ($1.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington. School of Education.
Note: An Occasional Paper in Reading