ERIC Number: ED050830
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Jun
Reference Count: 0
A Study of Causal Thinking in Elementary School Children. Final Report.
Ward, Edna M.
This study, which is a partial replication and validation of the 1962 Laurendeau and Pinard study of causal thinking, investigates cross-cultural differences among three age levels of Canadian and American school children in the development of causal thinking. Also studied is the relationship between level of development of causal thinking and variables of age, sex, IQ, and grade placement. Seventy-five boys and 75 girls, ages 6, 8, and 11 years, were administered the Laurendeau and Pinard questionnaires (included in appendixes) to elicit responses about concepts of dream, life, the origin of night, the movement of clouds, and the floating and sinking of objects. Responses were evaluated for instances of precausal thinking, i.e. realism, animism, artificialism, finalism, and dynamism. Analyses of the data support the Piaget (1927) and the Laurendeau and Pinard (1962) findings with regard to the three age-related stages of development of causal thinking, and the manifestation of precausal forms of thinking. Significant differences appear for the dimensions of age and school grade for the American subjects. Significant differences between Canadian and American children are found in level of development attained in all the concepts; exception was the concept of life. (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Emerson Coll., Boston, MA.
Identifiers: Canada; Laurendeau (Monique); Piaget (Jean)