ERIC Number: ED050809
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Intervention with Mothers and Young Children: A Study of Intrafamily Effects.
Gilmer, Barbara R.; And Others
DARCEE Papers and Reports (George Peabody College for Teachers), v4 n11 1970
This study compares three methods of intervention conducted over 2 1/2 years to promote cognitive development and competency of disadvantaged young children. Subjects were about 80 black mother-child-younger sibling triads, divided into three groups (and matched with comparison groups): (1) Maximum Impact, a training program for the target child (3 to 4 years of age) at a center 5 days a week, and for the mother at a center once a week; (2) Curriculum, which gave the older children a classroom program like that of the first group but offered no program for mother or siblings; and (3) Home Visitor, in which the family had no direct contact with the center but received 1-hour home visits once a week from a teacher who showed the mother how to instruct her children. The center program for mothers taught them how to stimulate their children intellectually and improved mothers' self-concept and home management. The children's class program emphasized skill development and an ordered environment. Intelligence pretests and posttests were given to mothers and children. Program effects on target children, differential effect of the mothers' involvement, vertical diffusion to siblings, and the effect of the home visitor are discussed. (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Div. of Educational Labs.
Authoring Institution: George Peabody Coll. for Teachers, Nashville, TN. Demonstration and Research Center for Early Education.